The Ren Min Bi (RMB) has a managed peg to the USD which currently stands at roughly RMB6.2:$1. The RMB has appreciated by a couple percentage points every year for the past decade and there are no signs of such appreciation abating. You know how I always write that everything is relative in finance? Well, the relativity of a massively depreciating Yen and a continued strengthening RMB has never become so apparent as it is today. A weak Yen and a strong RMB pose a problem for China because Japan is its largest trading partner in the region at 7% of total exports. The largest export partners for China are the US at roughly 17%, the EU at 16%, and ASEAN at 10%. China has two main goals: 1) to ensure strong domestic economic growth to provide enough jobs for its 1.2 billion population which continuously migrates to urban centers from the countryside, and 2) to be taken seriously by the world. I cannot tell you how important respect is in eastern culture. As a Communist country with millionaires and billionaires, managing social happiness is priority number one. Although an annual 7.7% GDP sounds wonderful compared to a 2% US GDP growth rate, such high levels of growth are necessary to prevent social unrest. Take what happened at the height of the Occupy Wall Street movement and multiply the anger by 100 to get an idea of the repercussions of a growing unemployed population that lives at home with their parents until marriage.