You may ask yourself: why start a business? The better question to ask yourself is: why haven't I started a business already! The pandemic forced many of us to get creative. And business formation has skyrocketed since 2020.
When I started Financial Samurai in 2009, I didn't start it as a business. I started this site as a cathartic way to get through the financial crisis. I had a job, but was losing lots of money in the stock market and real estate market. Writing provided the creative outlet I needed to get through a difficult period.
But partially thanks to starting Financial Samurai, I was able to walk away from my day job in finance in 2012 and do something I loved: write. More than 13 years later, I still write three times a week and publish a weekly free newsletter. Now, Financial Samurai is technically a business as it generates enough online revenue to take care of my family of four in expensive San Francisco.
Why Start A Business? A Better Life
My #1 business goal is to leverage my online media company to lead a better life. A better life to me means getting to do what I want in a fun way while taking care of my family. To do so, I need to maximize profits and minimize expenses since it's my money at risk.
In contrast, for investor funded startups, it's more about growth at any cost with less concern for profits because they are spending other people's money. Don't join a startup if you want to get rich!
My plan is to never rely on anybody for money. Bootstrapping is the way to go because one day funding may dry up.
Let's take a look at a venture-funded company called Buffer, which enables you to schedule your social media shares online. Buffer has raised about $4M and is valued at roughly $40M based on their last round of funding. I'm thankful Buffer is completely open with their finances, because it allows other entrepreneurs to learn from their actions.
Let's have a look at Buffer's monthly Profit & Loss statement to see why running a business can provide for a better life.
Business Income And Expenses
If you're wondering why start a business, all you've got to do is zero in on the expense line item Retreat.
People are expensive.
Salaries account for a whopping 65.6% of monthly expenses. With ~65 people on the payroll (they say 90 in one post, but only list 65 in their open salaries spreadsheet post), that averages to $3,445 a month or $41,342 a year per person. The figures are inline with the median income in America.
Managing people can be cumbersome. Ideally, you want the fewest people possible to generate the most amount of revenue. In Buffer's case, the average revenue generated per employee is about $5,000 a month. Not bad, but not amazing.
Profits are small.
For a software company, having a 4.6% operating profit margin is very low compared to the industry standard of 20%+. Can you imagine spending over $300,000 a month to only make $15,666 in operating profits before tax? Or what about spending $10,000 a month to earn just $460 a month in operating profits? At least Buffer is profitable, unlike many other startups who will inevitably shut down.
Profits margins can be much higher with a lifestyle business. You can easily run your own website for less than $50 a month and generate $5,000 a month in operating profits for a 98% operating profit margin. Or you can pay yourself a $2,000 a month salary on $5,000 in revenue and $50 a month in website costs and earn a 58% operating profit margin.
But the reality is, since you can distribute the remaining $2,900 in company operating profits to yourself, your personal operating profit margin is much higher.
Buffer spends more on retreats than they make in profits.
We've finally got the the line item in the P&L that answers the question: Why start a business?
Buffer spends $17,588 a month on retreats while making $15,666 a month in profits! As far as I know, Buffer App hasn't been audited by the IRS or gotten into trouble with their finances. Given they are publicly showing the world all their finances, everything is probably legit. Therefore, Buffer's financial moves may serve as a guide for other entrepreneurs.
There's a running joke that says the reason why non-profits are unprofitable is because they pay their executives all of their profits. As a small business owner, you can either decide to make more profits and pay more taxes, or you can spend more of your revenue on you and your hard working employees. Buffer has clearly chosen the latter.
They were planning to spend $400,000 on a company retreat to Berlin. That's awesome! You can start a business to spend it on boodoggles.
Lower taxable income.
There are other random things in the spreadsheet such as The Tools We Use, Kindle Books & Culture, and Other which help lower Buffer's monthly taxable profits by around $17,000. If we use a 30% effective tax rate, that's a ~$5,100 tax savings.
If they wanted, I'm sure Buffer could easily cut out over $30,000 in non-employee expenses each month. But why not pay less taxes and let all employees enjoy life more?
Making $30,000 more in operating profits a month simply means a $9,000 higher monthly tax bill. Sure, they would get to retain $21,000 in earnings on their balance sheet. But it sounds like they already have enough money on their balance sheet.
A hybrid business model.
Buffer is stuck in the middle where they want to become a big business with venture funding, yet also want to be a lifestyle business as well. Given this hybrid, it may be hard for them to see an exit any time soon. They are spending a little too much on extraneous expenses IMO. With no exit, all you've got is your salary.
Unfortunately, salaries are light for all – except the top employees – compared to the salaries for similar positions at larger firms. I think the management knows this, which is why there's such an emphasis on work retreats and other fringe benefits. The latest news is that it looks like even these fringe benefits may be going away as they recently announced layoffs.
Build The Business You Want
Focusing on absolute dollar amounts is often misleading. Therefore, I recommend every entrepreneur look at their expenses as a percentage of total costs and revenue. ~5% of total revenue for work retreats seems reasonable.
Alternatively, you could spend as much on work retreats as you make in operating profits, but that seems excessive. The only thing I'm amazed about with Buffer's P&L is the 65%+ of revenue going to salaries. Even the much maligned finance industry doesn't pay more than 50% of its revenue for salaries and bonuses.
Like Buffer, I enjoy going on business retreats. I've always wondered what is a reasonable amount of money to spend on business off-sites. Thanks to Buffer now I've got a better idea.
Here's my estimated business retreat budget:
Two Economy Plus roundtrip plane tickets to Honolulu from SF: $1,100
9 nights at The Kahala Hotel & Resort: $5,400
Food for 10 days for up to four people: $2,500
Team bonding activities: $2,000
Sample itinerary breakdown:
Day 1: Meet main FS editor for lunch at Ethel's Grill in Kalihi to discuss how things are going. General catchup to make sure my editor is happy with his current duties and salary.
Day 2: Meet with editor to discuss editing efficiency. Attempt to go from old school editing to uploading my drafts in Google docs to streamline the editing process. Suggest editor skim posts first to understand overall message, and then get into the weeds.
Day 3: Meet with business partner to strategize on editorial calendar for the second half of the year. Brainstorm a list of 60 post ideas to work on. Go to the farmer's market and buy all the white pirie mangoes we can.
Day 4: Team building day. Spend the afternoon snorkeling in Hanauma Bay followed by jet skiing close by. Dinner at Alan Wong's for four that evening.
Day 5: Review various business categories and compare month over month, quarter over quarter, and year over year trends. Come up with revenue forecasts for each business for the following year. Decide which businesses to cut, and which businesses to emphasize in a downward trending economy.
Day 6: Strategy session to discuss community building. Have an open discussion on how to deal with angry commenters or spammers. Discuss new features to add such as an FS forum. Review social media initiatives and see whether time spent is worth it.
Week Two Business Trip Itinerary
Day 7: Team building day. Spend the morning hiking up to Manoa Falls. Eat some poke at Fresh Catch and then hit the beach for some boogie boarding.
Day 8: Review YTD salary, operating profit, and revenue figures. Come up with overall targets for the year. Decide on whether to hire staff writers, virtual assistants, graphic designers and other freelancers to help with day-to-day operations or keep everything simple. Need to come up with a marketing budget.
Day 9: Dedicated day for writing posts, responding to comments on FS, and commenting on other posts by other publishers on their platforms. Dinner at 12th Avenue Grill.
Day 10: Publish a new post first thing in the morning. Review business retreat initiatives over breakfast. Get a final hour of tanning on the beach. Catch a 1pm flight and head back to San Francisco.
Although spending $11,000 on a business retreat is expensive, it's important for me and my team to recharge, relax, and build stronger relationships. It takes a lot of creativity to constantly write about intersting things.
There is no rule that says you have to have a business retreat in your basement. In fact, everywhere I travel, I do some business. Therefore, at least a portion of my travel can be a business expense.
And by the way, if you are a business owner with a pass-through entity, be sure to check out the PTE Tax Salt Cap workaround. You could save a lot in taxes.
Running A Business To Enjoy Life
Many companies have work retreats. But not many companies are able to have a work retreat this long. Since I run an online media business, it doesn't really matter how long I'm away so long as articles get published on schedule.
At the end of the day, it's my money and time. Besides fun work retreats and better tax management, being able to control your schedule is the biggest benefit of being your own boss.
Generating profits from your business won't happen overnight. But if your direction is correct, sooner or later you'll get there.
There is one final reason why you should start a business. If you own your own business, you can provide career insurance for your children. The work is a brutally competitive world now. By owning your business, you can teach your children your business and provide them jobs if they can't find anything worthwhile.
I plan to teach my two children everything there is to know about online media, finance, marketing, PR, writing, and more. Being able to combine real world education with school is a win!
Interested in starting your own website?
Check out my step-by-step tutorial guide on how you can launch a site like mine in under 30 minutes for just $2.95/month. A website legitimizes your business and becomes your online portal. Not a day goes by where I'm not thankful for starting Financial Samurai in 2009. Everyone should leverage the internet to build a brand, build a business, and become untethered from an office to live freely!
Related post: Reflections On Making Money Online Since 2009
Invest In Leading Entrepreneurs Through An Open Venture Fund
If you want to invest in entrepreneurs, check out the Fundrise Innovation Fund. The fund invests in private growth companies in AI, property tech, data infrastructure, and fintech.
What's great about the fund is that the investment minimum is only $10 and you get to see the portfolio composition before making an investment! You don't have to start a business. Just invest in one or a fund that invests in private growth funds so you can focus on doing other things.
You can also listen to my hour-long conversation with Ben Miller, CEO of Fundrise, about venture capital and why he's so bullish on artificial intelligence and more.