To keep your life insurance rate class, one way is to convert term life into a permanent life insurance policy. The cost of your life insurance premiums depends on your health rate class. This post will share when converting a term life policy makes sense and when it may not.
In a previous post, I recommended it would be wise to get a life insurance policy before you see a doctor for any non-life threatening health issue. By locking in a life insurance policy first, you reduce your chances of life insurance companies raising your premiums due to additional health issues on your medical record.
In 2017, I went to see an overzealous sleep doctor. He diagnosed me with snoring, a deviated septum, and sleep apnea. To pad his bill, he also recommended I try a CPAP machine and go through a series of sleep tests. I figured why not since my health insurance would pay for everything. I hadn’t seen a single doctor in years, despite paying over $20,000 a year in premiums.
After I did all the sleep tests, I went to check with my existing life insurance company on renewing my life insurance policy. It was a $1 million, 10-year term policy I took out in 2013. A term life insurance policy is appropriate for most people who want life insurance. Unfortunately, I discovered the renewal premium would jump from $40/month to $450/month!
Part of the increase in premium was because I was four years older and over 40. There seems to be a life insurance premium jump at 40 and 45. But most of the reason for the jump was due to the sleep apnea mark on my medical record.
A Life Insurance Solution
After the disappointing news, I thought my life insurance options were over once my term policy expires in 2023. Therefore, since hearing about the higher renewal premiums, I made it my mission to boost my wealth by at least $1 million before the $1 million term policy runs out.
As it turns out, I do have a way to continue getting life insurance based on my old “excellent athletic” rating I received in 2013 when I first got my term policy. The official term for the top life insurance rating is called “Preferred Plus” followed by Preferred, Standard Plus, and Standard.
This post is pertinent for those who:
- Want to continue having affordable life insurance coverage, but are facing a much higher term life insurance rate upon renewal
- Desire to understand the various nuances of a permanent life insurance policy
- Seek to understand who permanent life insurance is for
- Want to see examples of how much a universal life insurance policy costs
- Have always held a negative assumption about permanent life insurance, but can’t elaborate why beyond higher premiums
Convert Term Life Into Permanent Life To Keep Your Rate Class
The one thing I’ve done extensively during shelter-in-place is learn as much as possible about the various life insurance options . One interesting fact is that some term life insurance policies can convert to a permanent life insurance policies to keep your health rate class.
Therefore, I immediately called my life insurance carrier to see if this was true for my policy. Fortunately, they said yes. Not only could I convert my term life insurance policy into a permanent life insurance policy, but the new premium would also be based on my Preferred Plus rating from 2013. Further, I would not have to do another medical exam!
Having a medical exam where someone comes to your house to collect your blood and urine is annoying. It is probably the most frequent reason why people either don’t have any life insurance. Some get less life insurance than they want just to avoid the medical exam.
If you are getting a $1 million or greater life insurance policy, chances are high that you will need to get your blood drawn and your urine collected. Here are some other no medical exam life insurance solutions.
As the father of a three-year-old and a five-month-old, I’m excited to be able to have the OPTION to have continued life insurance coverage based on my Preferred Plus rate. The goal is to have life insurance until they graduate from college or become financially independent adults.
Benefits Of Permanent Life Insurance
1) Lifetime Protection
Instead of having a term policy that has an expiration date, permanent life insurance covers your entire life so long as premiums are paid. Having a permanent life insurance policy helps provide peace of mind through all stages of life. Whether you are just starting out, raising a family, or living in retirement, permanent life will be there.
In 2013, I got a 10-year, $1 million term life insurance police. While I no longer had a job, I still had a ~$1 million mortgage. If I died, I didn’t want my wife to be saddled with so much debt.
At the time, we were also uncertain about whether or not to have kids. Had I known we would have a kid in 2017 and another in 2019, I would have gotten at least a 20-year policy.
With a permanent life insurance policy, you won’t have to worry about all the different curve balls life may throw your way.
Basically, there are four different types of permanent life insurance to address different goals:
- Universal Life (most conservative)
- Variable Life (more aggressive)
- Variable Universal Life (hybrid)
- Indexed Universal Life (hybrid)
The main difference in all these types of permanent life insurance policies is how the cash value portion is invested. The cash value is the portion of a permanent life insurance policy that gets built up over time based on the premiums you pay.
In my case, I’m able to convert my term life insurance policy into a universal life policy. Universal life is a conservative type of permanent life insurance. Universal life provides the ability to adjust payment amounts and death benefits to satisfy changing goals, needs, and budgets.
When you have enough cash value built up, you can even stop paying premiums. You can use your cash value to keep the policy active.
3) Cash Accumulation
Permanent life insurance provides a cash account that can supplement education and retirement needs. Meanwhile, the cash value also benefits from tax-deferred growth (similar to a 401(k)) at competitive interest rates.
The cash value is the main difference that differentiates a term life insurance policy from a permanent life insurance policy. The premiums you pay for a permanent life insurance policy go towards paying for the death benefit amount and the cash value.
Given the tax-advantageous growth of the cash value, getting a permanent life insurance policy is another way for people to build wealth and manage their estates.
Why Doesn’t Everybody Get A Permanent Life Insurance Policy?
One of the main reasons why people don’t consider a permanent life insurance policy is because it’s more difficult to understand compared to a term life insurance policy.
You can think about a term life insurance policy similar to paying rent for an apartment. Your rent pays for shelter each month and nothing more. Once the lease is over, you can either extend your lease or move out. You do not build equity with rent.
A permanent life insurance policy is kind of like paying an amortizing mortgage. Part of your mortgage payment goes to paying down principal and building equity (cash value). The remaining portion goes to paying interest (the death benefit). Over time, your cash value (equity) grows as it is reinvested.
The second reason why permanent life insurance isn’t very popular is due to not knowing all the options. I’ve always known about permanent life insurance, but I stopped thinking about it after I got my term life insurance policy. Most people don’t care to research their life insurance options until it’s needed, e.g. bought a home with a mortgage, had kids, came into a lot of wealth, got a bad disease.
The final reason, and probably the main reason is the cost. Just like how it’s usually cheaper to pay rent or an interest-only mortgage, it’s cheaper to just pay for term life insurance rather than permanent life insurance.
When you have to also pay to build up your cash value, permanent life insurance premiums are much higher.
Example Of A Universal Life Insurance Policy
Below is an example of an “option A” universal life insurance policy I received after talking with the insurance agent for an hour. This policy is what I’ll get if I convert 100% of my $1 million term life insurance policy into a universal life insurance policy and keep my same Preferred Plus rating.
To reduce my premium, I can convert a smaller portion of the $1 million term policy into a permanent life insurance policy and keep the remaining death benefit amount until my term life insurance policy runs out in 2023.
For example, I could convert $250,000 of my $1 million term life insurance policy into a universal life insurance policy and keep the remaining $750,000 until it expires in 2023. However, the longer I wait, the higher the premium and the less time I get to build the cash value given rates go up with age.
Let’s study this universal life insurance benefit growth chart from USAA carefully.
Universal Life Benefit Growth Chart
As you can see from the chart, my universal life insurance policy will cost $958/month! That’s obviously much higher than my existing $40/month, so why the heck would I go this route?
The main reasons are as mentioned above: 1) building up the cash value, 2) having a permanent life insurance policy, and 3) being able to get the best premium rate based on my Preferred Plus 2013 health exam and not my suboptimal 2017 health examination.
Although my monthly premium is $958/month, $640/month of that amount is used towards building my cash value. Therefore, you can say my monthly life insurance premium to cover the death benefit is only $318/month compared to the $450/month I was quoted in 2017 when I tried to renew.
I’m guessing if I check with my existing life insurance provider again with a medical exam, my new $1 million term life insurance renewal premium might be over $550/month. Therefore, converting to a universal life insurance policy might actually save me over $200/month in death benefit coverage.
But to say that my life insurance premium is only $318/month is understating the value of this permanent life insurance policy due to the potential of tax-deferred growth in the cash value, the guaranteed minimum rate of return, plus the fixed monthly premium cost for the rest of my life.
Guaranteed Returns For Your Cash Value
This universal life insurance plan has a guaranteed minimum 2% annual rate of return on the cash value. 2% compares favorably with the 10-year bond yield at under 0.8% and the Fed Funds rate at 0% – 0.125%. The best online bank interest rate you can get currently is around 0.4%. Remember, everything is relative when it comes to finance.
Further, there is the potential for the cash value to return greater than a 2% annual return. The current rate of return for the cash value is 4.25%. At at one point, this compared very favorably when the S&P 500 was down 32% in March 2020.
In the below chart, take a look at the growth of the cash value based on a 2%, 3.12%, and 4.25% annual rate of return.
As you can see from the chart above, over time, the cash value really starts to compound. The cash value can be used to boost the death benefit. It can generate an income stream. It can pay for the universal life insurance premium. Or borrow from your cash value.
Watch Out For Option A
However, there is one big issue with “Option A” universal life insurance. If you die, your beneficiaries only get the death benefit amount of $1 million. Your beneficiaries do not get the remaining cash value! The remaining cash value is kept by your life insurance company.
To avoid having the life insurance company keep all your accumulated cash value, you should call up your life insurance company and see if you can exchange the cash value for a higher death benefit. Ask them what other options you have for using the cash value before death.
The other option for those who want their beneficiaries to keep the cash value is to choose “Option B” universal life insurance.
Option B Universal Life Insurance
With “Option B” universal life insurance, your beneficiaries will receive your death benefit and accumulated cash value. Of course, there is no free lunch. Option B premiums are even higher. Let’s look at the information below.
With Option B, my monthly premium goes up to an impressive $1,660. $1,291 of the $1,660 goes towards building cash value. Therefore, the cost of the $1 million death benefit is $369/month on average for the first year. Despite the much higher premium, I never have to worry about losing all the cash value. Instead, all the cash value will go to my beneficiaries.
Below is a table that shows the growth of the cash value using a 2% return, 3.12% return, and a 4.25% return. The death benefit columns are now the summation of the $1 million death benefit plus accumulated cash value. After 40 years, the cash value grows to over $1 million, meaning if I die at 82, I will leave over $2 million to my beneficiaries, tax-free.
Who Should Get Permanent Life Insurance?
Hopefully, my two universal life insurance policy examples illustrate an option if your term life insurance premium is going way up due to a health issue or older age. By converting to a permanent life insurance policy, you get to keep the higher rating that you once received years ago.
Let’s be frank, a permanent life insurance policy costs a lot more than a term life insurance policy. As a result, most people will just get a term, which is the most efficient and cost-effective way to go. There are just incidences, where life changes, health changes, and needs changes beyond the term limit.
My favorite way to get an affordable term life insurance policy is with PolicyGenius, a life insurance marketplace that matches the best life insurance offers based on your application.
People Who Should Consider Getting A Permanent Life Insurance Policy
- Parents with lifelong dependents, e.g. a child with down syndrome or severe cerebral palsy (bless them all).
- Parents who have gone through a difficult life and want lifelong peace of mind for themselves and for their beneficiaries.
- Debtors or parents who work in hazardous industries with unknown future health risks.
- Debtors or parents who have a higher-than-average income to be able to comfortably afford higher premiums.
- Folks who plan to have a much higher net worth and want to conduct estate planning to minimize taxes upon death.
- Investors who contribute the maximum to their 401(k) and other tax-advantageous retirement accounts and want another way to grow wealth in a tax-advantageous manner.
- People who don’t plan to grow their estates far beyond what the estimated estate tax exemption amount is when they die.
If at least a couple of these conditions pertain to you, getting a permanent life insurance plan makes sense. If you have a term life insurance policy, converting your term life insurance plan to a permanent life insurance is something to consider. Otherwise, go with the plain vanilla term life insurance plan. It is your best bet.
My Life Insurance Plan
As for me, I like having a new way of conservatively growing my wealth in another tax-advantageous manner. After all, I’ve maxed out my 401(k) and now Solo 401(k) since 2000. We also contribute to two 529 plans. Finally, neither my wife nor I have stable day job income.
Since we currently have excess cash flow due to passive retirement income and online income, we are considering permanent life. A permanent life insurance policy solves two goals of insuring for life and investing more for our future.
Because I place a premium on peace of mind, I’m strongly considering converting at least a portion of my $1 million term life insurance policy into a permanent life policy before it runs out in 2022. It feels good being able to lock in my Preferred Plus rating from 2013 since I inaccurately forecasted my future.
My Benefit Growth Chart
Below is the benefit growth chart example. It shows what happens if I convert $500,000 of my $1 million term policy into an option B universal life policy. A Option B policy is where my beneficiaries get the death benefit and the cash value.
My monthly premium outlay drops to a more affordable $830/month from $1,660/month. The death benefit reaches over $1 million after 41 years assuming relatively conservative returns. If the goal is to provide an overall death benefit of $1 million, then this is one way to go.
Although a life insurance policy is an act of kindness for my family, a life insurance policy also provides me peace of mind if something bad were to happen.
Final Life Insurance Considerations
Finally, before you get a permanent life insurance policy, estimate the value of your estate. Also make estate value assumptions in the future.
If your estate will significantly blow past the estimated estate tax exemption amount, then trying to build more wealth through a permanent life insurance policy isn’t as effective.
That said, if you have enough cash flow to easily afford a permanent life insurance policy, then there’s not much downside in building more wealth in this tax-efficient manner.
For most folks, getting a term life insurance policy is good enough. You can apply with well-known providers one-by-one. But the better solution is to apply for life insurance through PolicyGenius. PolicyGenius has qualified providers vie for your business.
It’s nice to know you can convert term life into a permanent life policy later if you wish. At the very least, you should check the latest term life insurance rates.